Exercise Bike vs Elliptical

Exercise Bike vs Elliptical: Breaking Down the Pros and Cons

  • 10 min read

Are you planning to invest in a piece of cardio equipment for your home gym but can't decide between an exercise bike and an elliptical?

With so many options and features to consider, it's essential to make an informed decision that aligns with your fitness goals, budget, and space constraints.

I'm here to help you navigate the world of cardio machines and make the right choice for your specific needs.In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore the key differences between exercise bikes and ellipticals, analyze their effectiveness, compare their comfort and joint impact, and discuss maintenance and durability.

By the end, you'll have all the information you need to make a confident decision on which machine is perfect for you. Let's dive in!

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Introduction to Exercise Bike and Ellipticals

Understanding Exercise Bikes

Exercise bikes are stationary fitness machines that simulate the action of bicycling. They come in various designs, such as upright exercise bikes, recumbent exercise bikes, and spin bikes.

Each type offers unique features and benefits, catering to different user preferences and fitness levels. Exercise bikes are popular for their convenience, low-impact workouts, and effective cardiovascular benefits.


Getting to Know Ellipticals

Ellipticals, also known as elliptical trainers, provide a smooth, low-impact workout that mimics running, walking, or stair climbing. They come in various designs, such as compact elliptical trainerscommercial ellipticals, and those with adjustable stride lengths or power incline.

Ellipticals are popular for their full-body workouts, engaging both the upper and lower body muscles while minimizing joint stress.


Exercise Bike vs Elliptical: Comparing the Basics

Mechanisms of Exercise Bikes and Ellipticals

As a fitness expert with over a decade of experience, I've used various types of exercise equipment, and I've observed some key differences between exercise bikes and ellipticals. Exercise bikes mimic the motion of cycling, focusing on the lower body and providing a seated workout.

There are several types of exercise bikes available, such as uprightrecumbent, and spin bikes. In my experience, upright and recumbent bikes cater to general fitness enthusiasts, while spin bikes are designed for high-intensity indoor cycling classes.

On the other hand, ellipticals offer a full-body workout by simulating a walking or running motion while engaging both the upper and lower body. There are various types of ellipticals, such as compactcommercialellipticals with adjustable stride lengths, and ellipticals with power incline. In my experience, compact ellipticals are great for home use, while commercial models offer more features and durability for gym environments.


Space Requirements

When it comes to space requirements, exercise bikes generally have a smaller footprint compared to ellipticals. Upright and spin bikes, in particular, take up minimal space, making them suitable for small home gyms or apartments.

Ellipticals, conversely, require more space due to their larger size and elongated stride motion. Compact ellipticals, however, are designed to fit into tighter spaces, offering a space-saving option for those with limited room (1).


Price Range Comparison

In terms of price, exercise bikes tend to be more affordable than ellipticals. The cost of an exercise bike can range from a few hundred to a couple of thousand dollars, depending on the features and quality.

Ellipticals, on the other hand, can start at a higher price point and go up to several thousand dollars for high-end, commercial-grade models (2). It's important to consider your budget and the features you value most when choosing between these two machines.


Exercise Bike or Elliptical: Analyzing Workout Effectiveness

Cardiovascular Benefits

Both exercise bikes and ellipticals offer excellent cardiovascular benefits, but the type of workout and intensity levels can differ. As a fitness expert, I've found that exercise bikes allow users to focus on endurance and interval training, engaging the lower body and offering a variety of resistance levels.

A comprehensive study in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science In Sports states that cycling can improve cardiovascular fitness and lower body strength (3).

Ellipticals, on the other hand, provide a more comprehensive full-body workout, engaging not only the lower body but also the upper body through the use of moving handlebars.

A study published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research found that exercising on an elliptical trainer can improve cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, and endurance in both the upper and lower body (4).


Muscle Engagement and Toning

When it comes to muscle engagement, exercise bikes primarily target the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, and calf muscles. In my experience, recumbent bikes provide additional engagement of the core and lower back muscles due to the reclined seating position.

Ellipticals, however, engage a wider range of muscles, including the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, calves, core, and upper body muscles such as the biceps, triceps, and deltoids. The combination of lower and upper body movements on an elliptical can result in more effective muscle toning and a balanced workout for the entire body (5).


Calorie Burning Potential

When comparing calorie burning potential, ellipticals typically come out on top. According to the Mayo Clinic, a 160-pound person can burn approximately 365 calories per hour on an exercise bike at a moderate intensity, while the same person can burn around 500 calories per hour on an elliptical (6).

The higher calorie burn on an elliptical can be attributed to the full-body engagement and more demanding movements.

However, it's important to note that individual results will vary based on factors such as weight, fitness level, and workout intensity. Ultimately, the most effective workout is the one you enjoy and will consistently perform, regardless of whether it's on an exercise bike or elliptical.


Exercise Bike Versus Elliptical: Comfort and Joint Impact

Seat Comfort and Pedal Ergonomics

In terms of comfort, exercise bikes and ellipticals each have their own advantages. Exercise bikes provide a seated workout, which can be more comfortable for some users, especially during longer exercise sessions.

Recumbent bikes, in particular, offer a more relaxed seating position with back support, making them suitable for individuals with lower back issues (7). As a fitness expert, I've found that adjustable seats and pedal straps are essential for a comfortable and secure fit on any exercise bike.

Ellipticals, on the other hand, don't have a seat, but they do offer a natural, smooth stride that closely mimics walking or running. Pedal ergonomics play a significant role in comfort on an elliptical, and models with adjustable stride lengths or power incline features can help users find the most comfortable stride for their body (8).


Low-Impact Workouts for Joints

When it comes to joint impact, ellipticals have a clear advantage over exercise bikes. Ellipticals are designed to provide a low-impact workout, minimizing stress on the joints, especially the knees, hips, and ankles. A study published in the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine found that elliptical training results in significantly lower joint loads compared to walking or running, making it an excellent option for individuals with joint issues or those recovering from injuries (9).

Exercise bikes also offer a low-impact workout, but they primarily target the lower body and can be less suitable for individuals with knee issues or those who prefer a full-body workout. However, recumbent bikes provide additional support for the back and can be a more comfortable option for those with lower back pain or joint concerns (7).


Balance and Stability Considerations

For those with balance or stability concerns, exercise bikes are generally a safer option due to the seated position and stable frame. Ellipticals may require more balance and coordination, particularly for beginners or individuals with balance issues. However, many ellipticals come with stationary handlebars or support rails, which can help provide additional stability during workouts (10).


Advantages and Disadvantages of Exercise Bikes and Ellipticals

Pros and Cons of Exercise Bikes


  1. Targeted lower body workout: Exercise bikes offer a focused workout for the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, and calf muscles, promoting lower body strength and endurance (11).
  2. Seated workout: The seated position of exercise bikes provides comfort and support, making them an ideal option for extended workouts or for individuals with balance concerns.
  3. Variety of styles: Exercise bikes come in various styles, such as upright, recumbent, and spin bikes, allowing users to choose the best option for their fitness needs and preferences.


  1. Limited upper body engagement: Exercise bikes primarily target the lower body, which can lead to an unbalanced workout if the upper body is not engaged through additional exercises (12).
  2. Knee strain: Although cycling is generally considered low-impact, it can cause knee strain for some individuals, particularly if the bike is not properly adjusted or if the user has pre-existing knee issues.


Pros and Cons of Ellipticals


  1. Full-body workout: Ellipticals engage both the upper and lower body, providing a more balanced and comprehensive workout (9).
  2. Low-impact exercise: Ellipticals offer a low-impact workout, reducing stress on the joints and making them suitable for individuals with joint issues or those recovering from injuries (6).
  3. Calorie burning potential: Ellipticals typically burn more calories than exercise bikes due to the full-body engagement and more demanding movements (10).


  1. Balance and coordination: Ellipticals may require more balance and coordination, which can be challenging for beginners or individuals with balance issues (7).
  2. Larger footprint: Ellipticals generally take up more space than exercise bikes, making them less suitable for smaller workout areas.

As a fitness expert, I understand that each individual's preferences and needs will vary. Both exercise bikes and ellipticals have their own unique advantages and disadvantages, and the best choice ultimately depends on your personal fitness goals, limitations, and preferences.


Choosing Between Exercise Bike and Elliptical: Personal Factors to Consider

Fitness Goals and Preferences

When deciding between an exercise bike and an elliptical, it's crucial to consider your specific fitness goals and workout preferences. If you're primarily focused on building lower body strength and endurance, an exercise bike might be the better choice for you (13).

Conversely, if you're looking for a full-body workout that engages both your upper and lower body muscles, an elliptical could be more suitable (14). As a fitness expert, I always advise my clients to consider their individual goals and preferences before investing in any fitness equipment.


Space and Budget Limitations

Another critical factor to consider is the space available for your home gym and your budget for fitness equipment. Ellipticals typically take up more space than exercise bikes, so if you're working with limited space, an exercise bike might be a better fit (15).

In terms of budget, exercise bikes generally have a broader price range, with affordable options for those on a tight budget. Ellipticals can be more expensive, especially if you're looking for a model with advanced features (9). Be sure to weigh the pros and cons of each machine based on your budget and available space.


Health and Physical Condition

Your health and physical condition should also play a significant role in your decision. If you have joint issues or are recovering from an injury, an elliptical might be the better choice due to its low-impact nature (7).

On the other hand, if you have balance issues or require additional back support, a recumbent exercise bike could provide a more comfortable and stable workout experience (16). Always consult with a healthcare professional or fitness expert before starting any new exercise regimen, especially if you have pre-existing health concerns.


Maintenance and Durability: Exercise Bike vs Elliptical

Maintenance Requirements for Exercise Bikes

Exercise bikes are generally low-maintenance machines, which makes them attractive for home gym owners. However, there are still some basic care practices to follow to keep your bike running smoothly. For example, regularly checking the bolts and adjusting them as needed can help prevent unwanted noises and improve stability (17).

Additionally, cleaning the bike's frame, seat, and handlebars can help prolong its lifespan and maintain a hygienic workout environment. In the case of chain-driven bikes, occasional lubrication is necessary to ensure smooth operation (18).


Maintenance Requirements for Ellipticals

Ellipticals require a bit more maintenance than exercise bikes, but they are still relatively easy to care for. Like exercise bikes, it's essential to regularly check the bolts and tighten them as needed.

Additionally, you should clean the tracks and rollers to prevent debris build-up, which can cause increased wear and tear (19). Lubricating the joints and other moving parts is also crucial to maintain a smooth and quiet workout experience (20).


Lifespan and Warranty Comparison

Both exercise bikes and ellipticals can have long lifespans when properly cared for. In general, higher-quality machines tend to have longer lifespans and more comprehensive warranties. Exercise bike warranties typically range from 1 to 3 years for parts and labour, with some higher-end models offering up to 10 years on the frame (21).

Ellipticals often have similar warranty coverage, with some manufacturers offering lifetime warranties on the frame and up to 5 years on parts and labour (22). As a fitness expert, I recommend considering the warranty and expected lifespan when choosing between an exercise bike and an elliptical.


Final Thoughts: Exercise Bike or Elliptical – Making the Right Choice

Revisiting the Key Differences

In summary, exercise bikes primarily target the lower body, offer greater stability, and require less space, making them suitable for individuals with balance issues or limited space. Ellipticals, on the other hand, provide full-body workouts with more calorie-burning potential, making them ideal for those looking to engage more muscle groups and burn more calories.


Selecting the Best Equipment for Your Needs

When choosing between an exercise bike and an elliptical, consider your fitness goals, preferences, space, budget, and health conditions. Take the time to try out different machines, read reviews, and research reputable brands to ensure you make the best choice for your unique needs.


Investing in Your Fitness Journey

Ultimately, the most important factor is investing in a fitness machine that you will consistently use and enjoy. Whether you choose an exercise bike or an elliptical, commit to a regular workout routine and stay focused on your fitness journey to achieve your health and wellness goals.




  1. Havard health (2012). Tips for choosing the right exercise equipment -
  2. Garage Gym Reviews (2023) How Much Does A Home Gym Actually Cost In 2023 -
  3. Oja, P., Titze, S., Bauman, A., De Geus, B., Krenn, P., Reger‐Nash, B., & Kohlberger, T. (2011). Health benefits of cycling: a systematic review. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports21(4), 496-509.
  4. Klein, I. E., White, J. B., & Rana, S. R. (2016). Comparison of physiological variables between the elliptical bicycle and run training in experienced runners. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research30(11), 2998-3006.
  5. Mayo Clinic (2021) Exercise for weight loss: Calories burned in 1 hour - 
  6. Harvard Health Publishing (2016) The top 5 benefits of cycling -  2
  7. Consumer Reports (2023) How to choose an elliptical -
  8. Prosser, L. A., Stanley, C. J., Norman, T. L., Park, H. S., & Damiano, D. L. (2011). Comparison of elliptical training, stationary cycling, treadmill walking and overground walking. Electromyographic patterns. Gait & posture33(2), 244-250.
  9. Tsai, L. C., Lee, S. J., Yang, A. J., Ren, Y., Press, J. M., & Zhang, L. Q. (2015). Effects of off-axis elliptical training on reducing pain and improving knee function in individuals with patellofemoral pain. Clinical journal of sport medicine: official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine25(6), 487.
  10.  Verywell Fit (2022) Stationary Bike Workout for Beginners -
  11. Womens Health (2021) Elliptical vs. Stationary Bike: Which Cardio Workout Machine Is Better? -
  12.  Aaptiv. Common Indoor Cycling Injuries and How to Avoid Them -
  13. Verywell Fit - 
  14. Consumer Reports - 
  15.  Verywell Fit - 
  16. Fitness Gallery - 
  17. Precor - 
  18. Treadmill Doctor - 
  19. Fitness Gallery - 
  20. Octane Fitness - 
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